Eucomis montana

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Eucomis montana Compton
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
HYACINTHACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2016/06/28
Assessor(s)
V.L. Williams, D. Raimondo, N.R. Crouch, A.B. Cunningham, C.R. Scott-Shaw, M. Lötter, A.M. Ngwenya & J.E. Victor
Justification
Widespread (EOO 30 000 km²). Expert opinion is that it that it is likely affected by medicinal harvesting given the popularity of the other Eucomis spp. in the markets. The extent of decline is not known, but it is suspected to be unlikely to exceed 20%.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Mpumalanga
Range
Mpumalanga and Swaziland.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Grassland
Description
Rocky montane grassland.
Threats
Not targeted specifically, but may be harvested incidentally for medicinal purposes. No medicinal uses recorded. The participants of the Medicinal Plant Red List Workshop (14-15/01/2008, SANBI, Durban) felt, however, that it was most likely affected by medicinal harvesting and declining (given the popularity of the other Eucomis spp in the markets ) and should be assessed as Declining.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Eucomis montana ComptonDeclining Raimondo et al. (2009)
Eucomis montana ComptonInsufficiently Known Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Eucomis montana ComptonRare Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Reyneke, W.F. 1972. 'n Monografiese studie van die genus Eucomis L'Herit. in Suid-Afrika. Unpublished M.Sc., University of Pretoria, Pretoria.


Citation
Williams, V.L., Raimondo, D., Crouch, N.R., Cunningham, A.B., Scott-Shaw, C.R., Lötter, M., Ngwenya, A.M. & Victor, J.E. 2016. Eucomis montana Compton. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/07/23

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Distribution map

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