Scientific Name
Barleria oxyphylla Lindau
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
L. von Staden & M. Lötter
Barleria oxyphylla is a range-restricted species, with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 3342 km². It is known from four locations in South Africa, and is threatened by ongoing habitat loss and degradation across its range in South Africa. It is also threatened outside South Africa, and therefore the national status is not adjusted following IUCN regional assessment guidelines.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
This species is endemic to the Mpumalanga Lowveld and adjacent areas in Mozambique and Swaziland.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Tshokwane-Hlane Basalt Lowveld, Granite Lowveld, Zululand Lowveld
It occurs in Lowveld savanna.
In South Africa this species has lost habitat to urban and agricultural expansion in the Komatipoort area between the southern boundary of the Kruger National Park and the northern border of Swaziland. It is still present in at least one location near Mananga, where it is threatened by ongoing habitat loss and degradation due to overgrazing, alien plant invasions and spreading informal settlements. The rest of the population of this species in South Africa is protected within the Kruger National Park and Manyeleti private game reserve, where it is threatened by habitat degradation due to overgrazing by game. It is also threatened by habitat loss and degradation in Swaziland and Mozambique.

This species is known from only a few records, and is suspected to be rare. A continuing decline is inferred from ongoing habitat loss and degradation.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Barleria oxyphylla LindauEN B1ab(iii,v)2020.1
Barleria oxyphylla LindauRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Barleria oxyphylla LindauIndeterminate Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Barleria oxyphylla LindauUncertain Hall et al. (1980)

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Obermeyer, A.A. 1933. Revision of the South African species of Barleria. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 15(2):123-180.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. & Lötter, M. 2018. Barleria oxyphylla Lindau. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/06/14

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Distribution map

© D.R. McKenzie

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