Well-armed Euphorbia

Scientific Name
Euphorbia grandicornis A.Blanc
Higher Classification
Common Names
Well-armed Euphorbia (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
Euphorbia grandicornis is a widespread species that is not in danger of extinction.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga
In South Africa this species has a restricted range along the Lebombo Mountains in the Mpumalanga Lowveld and north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal. The range extends through eastern eSwatini (Swaziland), and it is widespread in southern Mozambique.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Zululand Lowveld, Delagoa Lowveld, Makatini Clay Thicket, Western Maputaland Clay Bushveld, Western Maputaland Sandy Bushveld
It occurs on hot, dry alluvial flats in bushveld.
Although much of its habitat in Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal is degraded due to spreading rural settlements, agriculture and overgrazing, this species is resilient to disturbance, and persists in degraded areas.

This species occurs in small, scattered colonies. The population in South Africa is not suspected to be declining.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Euphorbia grandicornis Goebel ex N.E.Br. subsp. grandicornis Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia grandicornis Goebel ex N.E.Br. subsp. grandicornis Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. and Schmidt, E. 2018. Trees and shrubs Mozambique. Publishing Print Matters, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Schmidt, E., Lotter, M. and McCleland, W. 2002. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana, Johannesburg.

von Staden, L. 2018. Euphorbia grandicornis A.Blanc. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/07/22

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Distribution map

© L. von Staden

© L. von Staden

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