Cycad Spurge

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Euphorbia bupleurifolia Jacq.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
EUPHORBIACEAE
Synonyms
Euphorbia proteifolia Boiss.
Common Names
Cycad Spurge (e), Inkamamasane (z), Insema (z), Insema (x), Intsele (x), Melkbol (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2016/06/28
Assessor(s)
J.E. Victor, R.H. Archer & A.P. Dold
Justification
A widespread and relatively common species that is being harvested in large volumes for medicinal use in the western part of its range. There are concerns that the volumes harvested may be unsustainable.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal
Range
Grahamstown to Pietermaritzburg.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Grassland, Savanna
Description
Open grassland, usually in shallow soils with a thin cover of grass.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Euphorbia bupleurifolia Jacq.Declining Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia bupleurifolia Jacq.Lower Risk - Least Concern Scott-Shaw (1999)
Euphorbia bupleurifolia Jacq.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.


Citation
Victor, J.E., Archer, R.H. & Dold, A.P. 2016. Euphorbia bupleurifolia Jacq. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/07/23

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Distribution map

© N.R. Crouch


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