Medusa's Head

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Euphorbia caput-medusae L.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
EUPHORBIACEAE
Synonyms
Dactylanthes tuberculata (Jacq.) Haw., Euphorbia bolusii N.E.Br., Euphorbia caput-medusae L. var. geminata Aiton, Euphorbia caput-medusae L. var. major Aiton, Euphorbia caput-medusae L. var. minor Aiton, Euphorbia commelinii DC., Euphorbia confluens Nel, Euphorbia fructus-pini Mill. var. geminata Sweet, Euphorbia macowani N.E.Br., Euphorbia marlothiana N.E.Br., Euphorbia muirii N.E.Br., Euphorbia ramiglans N.E.Br., Euphorbia tuberculata Jacq., Euphorbia tuberculata Jacq. var. macowani (N.E.Br.) A.C.White, R.A.Dyer & B.Sloane, Euphorbia tuberculatoides N.E.Br., Medusea major Haw., Medusea tessellata Haw.
Common Names
Hondebossie (a), Medusa's Head (e), Noordmannetjie (a), Noordpol (a), Noordpool (a), Vingerpol (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2014/05/20
Assessor(s)
R.H. Archer, L. von Staden, J.E. Victor & D. Raimondo
Justification
Widespread and not in danger of extinction.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape, Western Cape
Range
Oranjemund to the Cape Peninsula and Mossel Bay.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Desert, Fynbos, Succulent Karoo
Description
Sandy flats and stony slopes.
Population
Population trend
Stable
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Euphorbia caput-medusae L.Least Concern 2014.1
Euphorbia marlothiana N.E.Br.Data Deficient (Taxonomically Problematic) Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia bolusii N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia tuberculata Jacq. var. macowani (N.E.Br.) A.C.White, R.A.Dyer & B.SloaneLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia muirii N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia ramiglans N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia caput-medusae L.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia tuberculatoides N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia tuberculata Jacq. var. tuberculata Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia confluens NelLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Euphorbia marlothiana N.E.Br.Vulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Euphorbia marlothiana N.E.Br.Rare Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Bruyns, P.V. 2012. Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia. Bothalia 42(2):217-245.


Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Archer, R.H., von Staden, L., Victor, J.E. & Raimondo, D. 2014. Euphorbia caput-medusae L. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/12/19

Comment on this assessment Comment on this assessment
Distribution map

© N.A. Helme

© C. Merry

© C. Merry


Search for images of Euphorbia caput-medusae on iSpot