Scientific Name
Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc.
Higher Classification
Leucospermum bolusii E.Phillips, Leucospermum mixtum E.Phillips, Leucospermum nutans R.Br.
Common Names
Pincushion (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2c+4d
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
A population reduction of nearly 30% is estimated based on a 34% reduction in range size (EOO) and 29% reduction in AOO as a result of habitat loss and extensive picking of planted and wild plants in the past 60 years (generation length 20 years). This is the most popular horticultural Pincushion. Many cultivars are available and are planted extensively in protea orchards adjacent to natural stands throughout its range. Contamination of natural gene pools is thus a major concern, together with habitat loss due to alien plant invasion and agriculture.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Kogelberg to Soetanysberg.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
South Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, Overberg Sandstone Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, Greyton Shale Fynbos, Elgin Shale Fynbos, Elim Ferricrete Fynbos, Agulhas Sand Fynbos, Hangklip Sand Fynbos, Western Coastal Shale Band Vegetation
Sandstone fynbos, 30-500 m. Mature individuals are killed by fires, and only seeds survive. Seeds are relased after ripening, and dispersed by ants to their underground nests, where they are protected from predation and fire. It is pollinated by birds.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc.NT A2c+4dRaimondo et al. (2009)
Leucospermum bolusii E.PhillipsRare Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2005. Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/12/04

Comment on this assessment Comment on this assessment
Distribution map

© D. van der Colff

© Outramps

Search for images of Leucospermum cordifolium on iNaturalist