Pincushion

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
Synonyms
Leucospermum bolusii E.Phillips, Leucospermum mixtum E.Phillips, Leucospermum nutans R.Br.
Common Names
Pincushion (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2c+4d
Assessment Date
2005/11/16
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
Justification
A population reduction of nearly 30% is estimated based on a 34% reduction in range size (EOO) and 29% reduction in AOO as a result of habitat loss and extensive picking of planted and wild plants in the past 60 years (generation length 20 years). This is the most popular horticultural Pincushion. Many cultivars are available and are planted extensively in protea orchards adjacent to natural stands throughout its range. Contamination of natural gene pools is thus a major concern, together with habitat loss due to alien plant invasion and agriculture.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Kogelberg to Soetanysberg.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
South Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, Overberg Sandstone Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, Greyton Shale Fynbos, Elgin Shale Fynbos, Elim Ferricrete Fynbos, Agulhas Sand Fynbos, Hangklip Sand Fynbos, Western Coastal Shale Band Vegetation
Description
Sandstone fynbos, 30-500 m. Mature individuals are killed by fires, and only seeds survive. Seeds are relased after ripening, and dispersed by ants to their underground nests, where they are protected from predation and fire. It is pollinated by birds.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc.NT A2c+4dRaimondo et al. (2009)
Leucospermum bolusii E.PhillipsRare Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2005. Leucospermum cordifolium (Salisb. ex Knight) Fourc. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/09/30

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Distribution map

© D. van der Colff

© Outramps


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