Malmesbury Pincushion

Scientific Name
Leucospermum parile (Salisb. ex Knight) Sweet
Higher Classification
Common Names
Malmesbury Pincushion (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered A2c+3c+4c
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
A population reduction of at least 50% is estimated based on habitat loss to urban expansion, agriculture and alien plant invasion in the past 60 years (generation length 20 years). Climate change models predict a further population reduction by up to 80% by 2025 (Bomhard et al. 2005), but this is likely to be extreme.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Dassenberg and Paardeberg.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Swartland Alluvium Renosterveld, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Swartland Silcrete Renosterveld
Most prominent in Atlantis Sand Fynbos, survives well in disturbed areas.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation, Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species)
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Leucospermum parile (Salisb. ex Knight) SweetEN A2c+3c+4cRaimondo et al. (2009)
Leucospermum parile (Salisb. ex Knight) SweetVulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Leucospermum parile (Salisb. ex Knight) SweetVulnerable Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2006. Leucospermum parile (Salisb. ex Knight) Sweet. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/04/23

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Distribution map

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