Redelinghuys Pincushion

Scientific Name
Leucospermum arenarium Rycroft
Higher Classification
Common Names
Redelinghuys Pincushion (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered A3c+4c
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
A population reduction of >50% is estimated based on habitat loss to crop cultivation by 1992, with a further 30% habitat loss in the past 10-15 years (generation length 20 years). Climate change models predict that this species will be extinct by 2025 (Bomhard et al. 2005).
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Redelinghuys to Aurora, and around Malmesbury.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Leipoldtville Sand Fynbos, Piketberg Sandstone Fynbos, Cape Lowland Freshwater Wetlands
Leipoldtville Sand Fynbos.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species), Habitat degradation, Habitat loss
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Leucospermum arenarium RycroftCR A3c+4cRaimondo et al. (2009)
Leucospermum arenarium RycroftEndangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Leucospermum arenarium RycroftRare Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2006. Leucospermum arenarium Rycroft. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/04/23

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Distribution map

© N.A. Helme

© N.A. Helme

© C. Paterson-Jones

© I. Ebrahim

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