Sandveld Pincushion

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Leucospermum rodolentum (Salisb. ex Knight) Rourke
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
Synonyms
Leucospermum candicans Andrews
Common Names
Beesbos (a), Klipboom (a), Knopbos (a), Kreupelbos (a), Pincushion (e), Sandluisie (a), Sandveld Pincushion (e), Sandveldluisiesbos (a), Sandveld-luisiesbos (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable A2c
Assessment Date
2005/11/16
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
Justification
Population reduction of at least 30% estimated based on a 34% reduction in range size (EOO) and 43% habitat loss due to agriculture and groundwater extraction in the past 60 years (generation length 20 years). Subpopulations are severely fragmented and susceptible to drought-related mortality.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape, Western Cape
Range
Namaqualand to Cape Peninsula.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Breede Sand Fynbos, Namaqualand Sand Fynbos, Leipoldtville Sand Fynbos, Hopefield Sand Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, Saldanha Flats Strandveld, Olifants Alluvium Fynbos, Swartland Alluvium Renosterveld, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos, Breede Alluvium Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, Namaqualand Strandveld, Graafwater Sandstone Fynbos, Nardouw Sandstone Fynbos, Cederberg Sandstone Fynbos, Breede Alluvium Renosterveld, Lambert's Bay Strandveld, Namaqualand Spinescent Grassland, Breede Quartzite Fynbos
Description
Sand fynbos on the west coast lowlands, survives in arid areas by tapping deep water.
Threats
Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species), Natural disasters, Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Leucospermum rodolentum (Salisb. ex Knight) RourkeVU A2cRaimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2005. Leucospermum rodolentum (Salisb. ex Knight) Rourke. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/11/18

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Distribution map

© N.A. Helme

© C. Paterson-Jones

© C. Paterson-Jones


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