Forest Beechwood

Scientific Name
Faurea galpinii E.Phillips
Higher Classification
Common Names
Bosbeukenhout (a), Bosboekenhout (a), Bos-boekenhout (a), Bush Beech (e), Escarpment Beechwood (e), Forest Beech (e), Forest Beechwood (e), Forest Boekenhout (e), Mohlakô (ns), Monengenenge (ns), Rooiboekenhout (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, L. von Staden & H. Mtshali
Faurea galpinii is a widespread, but rare species. It is not suspected to be in danger of extinction.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Limpopo, Mpumalanga
It occurs along the eastern Drakensberg Escarpment, from the Wolkberg in Limpopo to Barberton in Mpumalanga, extending in to eSwatini (Swaziland).
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Long Tom Pass Montane Grassland, Steenkampsberg Montane Grassland, Northern Escarpment Quartzite Sourveld, Barberton Montane Grassland, Scarp Forest, Northern Mistbelt Forest, Northern Afrotemperate Forest
It is localized to the margins of scarp forest in high-altitude mistbelt grassland.
This species may have lost some habitat to commercial timber plantations in the past. Plantations are however typically established in grasslands, while indigenous forest patches are protected and generally left undisturbed. Plantations are also no longer expanding across most of Mpumalanga (M. Lötter pers. comm.). This species is however vulnerable to alien invasive plants, especially unmanaged escaping pine seedlings, that are spreading into its habitat in some areas. There are no records of any exploitation of this species for firewood, carpentry or medicine.

This species tends to occur in small, isolated subpopulations, consisting of fewer than 200 plants. The current population trend is not known. It is suspected to be increasing in areas where timber plantations have led to fire being excluded from grasslands, which leads to forest patches expanding over time.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Faurea galpinii E.PhillipsLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Boon, R. 2010. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, T. 2001. Sasol Proteas: A field guide to the proteas of southern Africa. (2nd ed.). Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, Cape Town.

Schmidt, E., Lotter, M. and McCleland, W. 2002. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana, Johannesburg.

Rebelo, A.G., von Staden, L. & Mtshali, H. 2019. Faurea galpinii E.Phillips. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2024/02/25

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Distribution map

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