Ceres Sugarbush

Scientific Name
Protea pityphylla E.Phillips
Higher Classification
Common Names
Bergroos (a), Ceres Sugarbush (e), Long-leaved Mountain Rose (e), Mountain Rose (e), Skaamblom (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable D2
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
Protea pityphylla is found in a very restricted range (AOO 88 km²), known from five subpopulations that are potentially threatened by alien plant invasion and urban expansion of Ceres. A large subpopulation above Ceres was eliminated during the enlarging of the municipal dam.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Olifants River to Hex River Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
North Hex Sandstone Fynbos, Winterhoek Sandstone Fynbos
This species occurs in high altitude shale band fynbos. Mature individuals are killed by fires, and only seeds survive. Wind-dispersed seeds are stored in fire-resistant inflorescences, and released after fires. It is pollinated by birds and insects.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Natural disasters, Habitat loss
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Protea pityphylla E.PhillipsNT D2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Protea pityphylla E.PhillipsNot Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Protea pityphylla E.PhillipsRare Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, T. 2001. Sasol Proteas: A field guide to the proteas of southern Africa. (2nd ed.). Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, Cape Town.

Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2019. Protea pityphylla E.Phillips. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/08

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Distribution map

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