Burchell's Sugarbush

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Protea burchellii Stapf
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
Synonyms
Protea pulchella Andrews (later homonym), not of Schrad. & J.C.Wendl. (1796), Protea pulchella Andrews var. undulata E.Phillips, Protea pulchra Rycroft, Protea subpulchella Stapf
Common Names
Burchell's Sugarbush (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable A2c+3c+4c
Assessment Date
2008/03/21
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
Justification
A population reduction of at least 30% is estimated based on 40% habitat loss predominantly to agriculture. Given that it occurs in habitats only marginally suitable to cultivation, most habitat loss probably occurred relatively recently. Habitat loss continues, particularly as a result of recent expansion in wine and olive production within this species' range, and a further 30% population reduction in the next 20 years is likely (generation length 20 years).
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Hottentots Holland to Olifants River Mountains and on the lowlands from the Cape Flats to Hopefield. Isolated subpopulations occur on the Witzenbergvlakte, Piketberg and in the upper Breede River Valley.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Boland Granite Fynbos, Breede Shale Fynbos, Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Cape Winelands Shale Fynbos, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Silcrete Renosterveld, Elgin Shale Fynbos, Western Rûens Shale Renosterveld, Ceres Shale Renosterveld, Breede Shale Renosterveld, Breede Alluvium Fynbos, Breede Sand Fynbos, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Hopefield Sand Fynbos, Leipoldtville Sand Fynbos, Lourensford Alluvium Fynbos, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos, Peninsula Granite Fynbos
Description
Found predominantly in Boland Granite Fynbos, Swartland Alluvium, Breede Shale Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Breede Alluvium Fynbos and Swartland Shale Renosterveld.
Threats
Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species), Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat degradation, Natural disasters, Harvesting [gathering], Habitat loss, Changes in native species dynamics
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Protea burchellii StapfVU A2c+3c+4cRaimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2008. Protea burchellii Stapf. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/09/23

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Distribution map

© D. van der Colff


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