Tooth-leaf Sugarbush

Scientific Name
Protea denticulata Rourke
Higher Classification
Common Names
Tooth-leaf Sugarbush (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable D2
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
Protea denticulata is a localized endemic, and it is potentially threatened by competition from alien invasive plants across its range. It therefore qualifies as Vulnerable under criterion D.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
This species is endemic to the Potberg Mountain on the eastern boundary of De Hoop Nature Reserve in the Western Cape.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Potberg Sandstone Fynbos, Potberg Ferricrete Fynbos
It occurs on middle to lower slopes in sandstone and ferricrete fynbos, 0-600 m. It is a long-lived species, and survives fires by resprouting from underground boles or rootstocks. Wind-dispersed seeds are stored in fire-resistant inflorescences, and released after fires. It is pollinated by birds.
A small percentage of this species' habitat was lost to crop fields in the past. There has however not been any new ploughing since 1990, presumably because remaining areas are unsuited to cultivation, and most of it is now protected in De Hoop Nature Reserve. Alien invasive wattles are present within its habitat, and are threatening to outcompete native species in places. There has been efforts to clear invasive plants, but eradication is proving difficult due to persistent seed banks, from which invasive wattles regenerate profusely following natural wildfires.

Protea denticulata is a localized species, but is locally common within its habitat. There are two subpopulations, one on the main ridge of the Potberg Mountain in De Hoop Nature Reserve, which consists of more than 10 000 individuals. The second subpopulation at Infanta is smaller, with several hundred individuals.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Protea denticulata RourkeVU D22020.1
Protea denticulata RourkeRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Protea denticulata RourkeNot Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Protea denticulata RourkeIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, T. 2001. Sasol Proteas: A field guide to the proteas of southern Africa. (2nd ed.). Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, Cape Town.

Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2019. Protea denticulata Rourke. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/05/18

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Distribution map

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