Long-leaf Sugarbush

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Protea longifolia Andrews
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
Synonyms
Protea ignota E.Phillips, Protea ligulaefolia (Salisb. ex Knight) Sweet, Protea minor (E.Phillips) Compton, Protea umbonalis (Salisb. ex Knight) Sweet
Common Names
Long-leaf Sugarbush (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable A2c+3c+4c
Assessment Date
2006/03/31
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
Justification
A population reduction of at least 30% is estimated based on a decline in range (EOO) and habitat loss to commercial protea cultivation in the past 10-20 years. Habitat loss models predict at least a further 30% reduction in population size by 2025 (Bomhard et al. 2005), generation length 20 years.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Hottentots Holland Mountains to Agulhas.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Overberg Sandstone Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, Hangklip Sand Fynbos, South Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, Hawequas Sandstone Fynbos, Elim Ferricrete Fynbos, Agulhas Sand Fynbos, Western Coastal Shale Band Vegetation, Lourensford Alluvium Fynbos
Description
Sandstone fynbos.
Threats
Harvesting [gathering], Habitat loss, Changes in native species dynamics, Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat degradation
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Protea longifolia AndrewsVU A2c+3c+4cRaimondo et al. (2009)
Protea longifolia AndrewsNot Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Protea minor (E.Phillips) ComptonVulnerable Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2006. Protea longifolia Andrews. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/06/26

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Distribution map


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