Conical Pagoda

Scientific Name
Mimetes capitulatus (L.) R.Br.
Higher Classification
Common Names
Conical Pagoda (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,v)c(iv)+2ab(ii,iii,v)c(iv)
Assessment Date
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
EOO 541 km², AOO 29 km², fire-related population fluctuations occur at five known locations where habitat quality and the number of mature individuals continue to decline due to wild flower harvesting. Some observed population declines are not understood, but may be as a result of inappropriate fire management or drought-related. Dormant subpopulations easily overlooked in surveys.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Kogelberg, Groenland and Kleinrivier Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos
Swampy, south-facing slopes of mountain peaks, 600-1200 m. Mature individuals are killed by fires, and only seeds survive. Seeds are relased after ripening, and dispersed by ants to their underground nests, where they are protected from predation and fire. It is pollinated by birds.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation, Natural disasters, Harvesting [gathering]
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Mimetes capitulatus (L.) R.Br.EN B1ab(ii,iii,v)c(iv)+2ab(ii,iii,v)c(iv)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Mimetes capitulatus (L.) R.Br.Rare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Mimetes capitulatus (L.) R.Br.Rare Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2006. Mimetes capitulatus (L.) R.Br. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/01

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Distribution map

© R.C. Turner

© R.C. Turner

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