Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Serruria foeniculacea R.Br.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)
Assessment Date
2006/09/01
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, H. Mtshali & L. von Staden
Justification
A population reduction of > 80% is estimated based on habitat loss and a reduction in range (EOO) due to urban expansion, inappropriate fire management and overgrazing in the past 60 years (generation length 20 years). A small population of four wild plants remain at one location and continue to decline.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Cape Flats.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Cape Flats Sand Fynbos
Description
Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, in moist conditions.
Threats
Threats include urban expansion in Cape Town, small subpopulation size, inferred genetic decline (inbreeding depression), too-infrequent fire, overgrazing (Grysbok, Hippo), inadequate taxonomy and alien invasive ants.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Serruria foeniculacea R.Br.CR A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv); C2a(i,ii)b; DRaimondo et al. (2009)
Serruria foeniculacea R.Br.Endangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2006. Serruria foeniculacea R.Br. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/12/05

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

© C. Paterson-Jones


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