Serruria furcellata R.Br.

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Serruria furcellata R.Br.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
PROTEACEAE
Synonyms
Serruria diffusa R.Br.
National Status
Status and Criteria
CR A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)
Assessment Date
2006/09/01
Assessor(s)
A.G. Rebelo, N.A. Helme, P.M. Holmes, C.N. Forshaw, S.H. Richardson, D. Raimondo, D.I.W. Euston-Brown, J.E. Victor, W. Foden, I. Ebrahim, B. Bomhard, E.G.H. Oliver, A. Johns, J. van der Venter, R. van der Walt, C. von Witt, A.B. Low, C. Paterson-Jones, J.P. Rourke, A.N. Hitchcock, L. Potter, J.H. Vlok & D. Pillay
Justification
Population estimated to have declined by nearly 100% in the past 100 years due to alien plant invasion, invasive alien ants, bush clearing, mowing, urban and industrial expansion, inappropriate fire management, increased mole rat activity and trampling, and only one plant is known to remain in the wild. Generation length >100 years.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Cape Flats.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Fynbos
Description
Coastal fynbos.
Threats
Brush-cutting and over-burning are the main threats. Other threats include alien invasive species (Acacia), urban expansion (Cape Town, industrial and suburban), squatter camps on state land, inappropriate urban fire management, mowing (common), trampling, alien invasive ants, and increased Mole Rat activity associated with disturbance.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Date
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
2009Serruria furcellata R.Br.CR A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)c(iv); C1+2a(i,ii)b; DRaimondo et al. (2009)
1996Serruria furcellata R.Br.E Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Rebelo, A.G., Helme, N.A., Holmes, P.M., Forshaw, C.N., Richardson, S.H., Raimondo, D., Euston-Brown, D.I.W., Victor, J.E., Foden, W., Ebrahim, I., Bomhard, B., Oliver, E.G.H., Johns, A., van der Venter, J., van der Walt, R., von Witt, C., Low, A.B., Paterson-Jones, C., Rourke, J.P., Hitchcock, A.N., Potter, L., Vlok, J.H. & Pillay, D. 2006. Serruria furcellata R.Br. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2014.1. Accessed on 2014/11/27

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Distribution map

(c) C. Paterson-Jones

(c) I. Ebrahim


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