Suurberg Cycad

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.
Higher Classification
Gymnosperms
Family
ZAMIACEAE
Common Names
Bosjesmansbrood (a), Bread Palm (e), Broodboom (a), Cycad (e), Kafferbrood (a), Kafferbroodboom (a), Suurberg Cycad (e), Suurberg-broodboom (a), Thunberg's Cycad (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2d; B1ab(v)
Assessment Date
2009/10/31
Assessor(s)
J.S. Donaldson
Justification
The population has declined by about 20% in the past three generations, and continues to decline due to ongoing removal of mature wild plants. EOO 7 000 km², however, more than 10 locations still remain.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
Range
Kouga Mountains to Grahamstown.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Fynbos
Description
Steep rocky slopes in dense thicket.
Threats
The only real threat to E. longifolius is over-collection due to poaching of plants from the wild.
Population

Many subpopulations have been recorded scattered over mountain slopes between Joubertina and Grahamstown, and E. longifolius occurs in large numbers in some areas.


Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.NT B1ab(v); C1Raimondo et al. (2009)
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.Vulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.Vulnerable Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Donaldson, J.S. 2003. Cycads. Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland; Cambridge, UK.


Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Kemp, M. 1985. Focus on Encephalartos longifolius. Encephalartos 1:6-13.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Donaldson, J.S. 2009. Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/09/16

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones


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