Suurberg Cycad

Scientific Name
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.
Higher Classification
Common Names
Bosjesmansbrood (a), Bread Palm (e), Broodboom (a), Cycad (e), Kafferbrood (a), Kafferbroodboom (a), Suurberg Cycad (e), Suurberg-broodboom (a), Thunberg's Cycad (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2d; B1ab(v)
Assessment Date
J.S. Donaldson
The population has declined by about 20% in the past three generations, and continues to decline due to ongoing removal of mature wild plants. EOO 7 000 km², however, more than 10 locations still remain.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
Kouga Mountains to Grahamstown.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Fynbos
Steep rocky slopes in dense thicket.
The only real threat to E. longifolius is over-collection due to poaching of plants from the wild.

Many subpopulations have been recorded scattered over mountain slopes between Joubertina and Grahamstown, and E. longifolius occurs in large numbers in some areas.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.NT B1ab(v); C1Raimondo et al. (2009)
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.Vulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.Vulnerable Hall et al. (1980)

Donaldson, J.S. 2003. Cycads. Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland; Cambridge, UK.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Kemp, M. 1985. Focus on Encephalartos longifolius. Encephalartos 1:6-13.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Donaldson, J.S. 2009. Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/09/16

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

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