Encephalartos natalensis R.A.Dyer & I.Verd.
|Broodboom (a), Cycad (e), Giant Cycad (e), Isidwaba-somkhovu (z), Isigqiki-semkhovu (z), Natal Cycad (e), Natal Giant Cycad (e), Natalbroodboom (a), Natal-broodboom (a), Umguza (x), Umhlungulo (z), Umphanga (x)|
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2ad
|This species has declined in some parts of its range. The overall population decline is estimated to be <30% over the past 60 years, based on repeat photographs and visits to subpopulations. It could be listed as Vulnerable if overall population numbers drop below 10 000 (C1) or if the extent of decline increases from the current level up to 30% or higher.|
|South African endemic|
|Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal|
|Vryheid to Qumbu and Tabankulu.|
Habitat and Ecology
|Forest, Grassland, Indian Ocean Coastal Belt, Savanna|
|Cliffs and either hot, dry slopes or cool, south-facing, often forested slopes.|
|Some subpopulations have been impacted by collecting and bark harvesting for medicinal purposes. For example, the plants at the type locality at Monteseel have been debarked resulting in mortality.|
There are numerous subpopulations scattered throughout its range, with numbers of mature individuals to be between 8 300 and 12 000. The population has declined in parts of the range, but it is not suspected to exceed 30% in three generations.
|Plants are protected in several nature reserves in KwaZulu-Natal.|
|Donaldson, J.S. 2009. Encephalartos natalensis R.A.Dyer & I.Verd. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2020/04/06|