Escarpment Cycad

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus Vorster
Higher Classification
Gymnosperms
Family
ZAMIACEAE
Common Names
Broodboom (a), Cycad (e), Escarpment Cycad (e), Platorand-broodboom (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Extinct in the Wild
Assessment Date
2009/10/31
Assessor(s)
J.D. Bosenberg & J.S. Donaldson
Justification
When this species was described in 1996, there were thought to be five mature plants in one site in the Limpopo Province. Collectors removed most of the remaining plants and left only a few damaged stems. These were removed by conservation officials for ex situ conservation.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Limpopo
Range
Formerly occurred near the Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Grassland
Description
Short grassland in open protea savanna.
Threats
Removal of plants from the wild by collectors.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus VorsterExtinct in the Wild Raimondo et al. (2009)
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus VorsterEndangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Archibald, S. 2004, 15 September 2004. Plant 'dinosaurs' dying out in South Africa. Mail & Guardian.


Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of southern Africa. 3rd Edition. Struik, Cape Town.


Donaldson, J.S. 2003. Cycads. Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland; Cambridge, UK.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red Data List of southern African plants. 1. Corrections and additions. Bothalia 26(2):177-182.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Vorster, P. 1996. Encephalartos brevifoliolatus (Zamiaceae): a new species from the Northern Province. South African Journal of Botany 62(1):61-64.


Citation
Bosenberg, J.D. & Donaldson, J.S. 2009. Encephalartos brevifoliolatus Vorster. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/07/01

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Distribution map


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